One need only glance at the numbers associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) to understand the need of HIV testing. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that 1.2 million Americans currently host HIV and 50,000 Americans become infected annually. Of such, one-fifth don’t even realize what they’re carrying! It quickly becomes obvious that ตรวจสุขภาพก่อนเข้าทํางาน HIV is vital to correctly judge and respond to this expanding problem. Informed citizens can proactively address HIV if it affects their lives, and-equally important-they can take preventative measures to guard the rest of the populace.
That can bring us to the enterprise of testing itself. At the moment, the CDC recommends routine testing for everyone aged 13 to 64. Eventually, they’d like to see HIV testing become part-and-parcel for any screening or healthcare encounter. Until then, it’s your choice to voluntarily bring about their growing knowledge base along with your own peace of mind. For that, you will need facts; specifically, you need information about it, a groundbreaking option to traditional testing methodology. In what ways, you may ask? Let’s discover:
How does it work?
Most procedures, including rapid HIV testing, count on antibody detection to figure out results. A sample (blood, plasma, oral fluid, and quite often urine) is collected and in contact with a prepared solution. If there are any HIV-specific antibodies within the sample, the exam will display an optimistic result. Both traditional and rapid HIV tests consistently perform with 99% accuracy, along with a positive result from either requires additional verification, usually a different test including the Western Blot test.
Rapid? As opposed to what?
Traditional HIV testing requires the Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA), a lengthy technique requiring a vein-derived blood sample and specialized laboratory equipment. These tests require two visits: anyone to administer pretest counseling and draw blood, and the second to deliver results and supply further counseling or referrals. The period in between the two visits can take anywhere from several days to many weeks depending on various delays in shipping, laboratory protocol, or retesting.
In contrast, rapid HIV testing is vastly more convenient. The complete procedure takes not even half one hour and requires just one visit, including counseling.
What are the other benefits?
Since most clients at STD clinics receive negative test results, an incredible number of them can eliminate the requirement for a second visit if they opt for rapid HIV testing. This saves both client and also the practitioner time and money. It’s also an unfortunate reality that numerous traditional HIV testing clients don’t return for test results at all. Rapid HIV testing neatly solves this issue with same-day, on-site results. Furthermore, those persons who test HIV-positive through rapid testing can receive immediate counseling in order to avoid possible transmission whilst they wait around for confirmed results.
What does this mean for clinics?
Rapid HIV testing is considerably cheaper, faster, and much easier for STD clinics to perform, meaning they can treat regional patients more effectively and in greater numbers. As medical technology advances, this plays a role in an improved public perception of testing and furthers understanding of HIV infection and the necessity to combat it. In addition, it offers a wider variety of secondary testing lcjhui to vet positive reactions and make sure maximum reliability and precision.
As being a final note, it ought to be remembered that your body needs time to build up HIV antibodies-around 25 days, on average. An HIV-positive patient may thus get a false negative result if tested too soon. Counseling can help determine the best course of action for patients with new intimate relationships or some other complicating factors.