T-shirt manufacturers use many terms to explain their goods. The terms are certainly not always consistent and it helps to have a reference guide.
The following is the state Eco-friendly Man T-shirts Self-help guide to knowing t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Device of way of measuring that describes the fineness of natural cotton thread. A typical spool of solitary-ply cotton thread is composed of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it requires 20 spools to consider one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If this takes 40 spools to consider one pound, then your thread on those spools is called forties natural cotton, or 40/1. The higher amount means a better thread, and therefore a finer, softer fabric is made. T-shirts made of 30s and forties are much softer, better, and have much better drape than t-shirts manufactured from 20s. The terms are utilized many different ways, but it’s the quantity that matters; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 single people” are similar. Threads can be twisted together into thicker strands. If two 20/1 natural cotton threads were twisted together, it would be called 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon produced from bamboo cellulose. Even though rayon is a man-made synthetic materials, most experts concur it is actually readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely soft and contains excellent drape.
Bamboo: Fast growing herb, classified as a grass, which can be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.
Bleach Wash: An activity that utilizes chlorine bleach to soften and distress the appearance of the fabric becoming washed.
Fishing boat Neck: An extremely broad neck line that operates across the collarbone region to the shoulder points. Gets from early sailors’ shirts, where the broad throat empowered quick removing in the event the sailor dropped overboard.
Boy Beater: Women’s style response to the spouse beater. A women’s tank top, though it can be any color.
Brushed Cotton: A technique to remove extra lint and materials from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton usually features a very soft, sleek complete.
Burn-Out: An activity which uses sulfuric acidity or some other strong acidity to “burn off-out” parts of a material knit, usually a polyester/cotton blend. This process gives a see-through, very sheer effect.
Cap Sleeves: Generally identifies shorter sleeves on women’s clothes.
Carbon Dioxide: Carbon dioxide. A chemical substance made from two o2 atoms and one carbon atom. Known as the “green house” gas due to its connection with climate change. A few t-t-shirt producers are calculating and documenting the CO2 pollutants involved in production their shirts.
Carbon dioxide Trust: Impartial business established in 2001 in Great Britain that monitors carbon dioxide pollutants. The Carbon dioxide Trust works together with businesses to help reduce their carbon dioxide footprint, and now certifies companies and merchandise as possessing a “reduced carbon” or “no carbon dioxide” footprint. A couple of t-t-shirt companies now manufacture “reduced carbon dioxide footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing process that eliminates short fibers and gets rid of dirt and foreign matter. Carding can be carried out by hand or by big devices using drum rollers. Carded-only cotton is not as desirable as combed cotton.
Cellulase Clean: Another term for enzyme wash. This gives material a smooth really feel and a classic look, depending on how the clean is carried out.
Cellulose: Derived from the cellular wall surfaces of certain plants. Valuable in creating certain kinds of materials, such as acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is really rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Inexpensive Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts created using carded natural cotton, using 18/1 thread, usually knitted on 20 measure machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have bad drapability. Utilized frequently as cheap promotional give-aways.
Environment Neutral: A term utilized to explain a company, procedure, or product that has zero impact on the Earth’s climate. A few t-shirt manufacturers advertise their company as environment neutral.
Carbon dioxide: Co2. A chemical substance substance made from two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Known as the “green house” gasoline due to the connection with climate change.
Colorfastness: The ability of any garment to withstand several washings without having losing its color.
Combed Natural cotton: A technique to get rid of short materials as well as arrange for a longer time materials parallel to produce a sleek, fine natural cotton yarn. Combed cotton has high strength, excellent consistency, and better hand. Combed cotton costs much more and it is found in better t-shirts.
Compacting: A procedure that compacts the space among cotton fiber wallets. Reduces shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching using a various color than the outfit. Provides a nice style detail in t-shirts.
Control Union: A global organization that provides accreditation services for many different applications–including many natural certification programs. Certifies USDA Organic, as well as GOTS (Worldwide Natural Textile Regular).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, really slightly stretchy fabric using a smooth flat face along with a more textured but consistent back. Average weight per yard is about 5.5 to 6 ounces. Basic t-shirts are created from cotton jersey. Fine cotton jersey is normally easier and it has a lighter weight per yard.
Natural cotton: A natural fiber which is the most favored in the world for fabrics. Natural cotton fibers are often ½ to 2 in . long. For a longer time fibers create better natural cotton material. Types including Pima and Egyptian, which feature materials exceeding 1.5 inches, are more highly valued than ordinary types.
Team Neck: A circular close-fitting neck line. Most common throat on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A shirt with a brief entire body with it; designed to reveal the midriff region.
Dual-Needle Stitched: Used mostly on sleeve/bottom hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. This type of sewing gives durability as well as a cleaner, much more finished look.
Drape, Drapability: Describes the way a fabric hangs. A material like bamboo rayon has excellent drape, while a coarse fabric like burlap has almost no. T-shirts who have good drape characteristics really feel better to put on.
Drop Tail: A outfit that includes a for a longer time back than front side.
Eco-Pleasant: Very loose phrase that describes a product’s “greenness.” Nearly useless in realistically assessing a product or service. Preferred expression used by green washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Natural cotton produced in Egypt and highly valued for its long duration of fiber. Clothing created using real Egyptian cotton is prized because of its gentleness and fineness.
Ecological Justice Base: A registered charity established in 2000 to assist who suffer most from environmental abuses including pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and garden soil devastation. Particularly active in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Cleaned: A clean process using unique enzymes to generate a soft finish and smooth turn to a material. Age groups dyes to create a unique check out dyed fabrics. Enzyme cleaning is physically less harsh around the fabric in comparison to stone cleaning.
Western Reduce: A style of t-shirt which is narrower than what one normally finds. As an example, a complete cut men’s t-shirt, dimension large, generally runs 22 in . over the chest (calculated one ” underneath the sleeve). A men’s big European reduce will operate about 50 % an inch to 1 inch narrower, occasionally more.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed before becoming cut and stitched in to a completed bit of clothes.
Fair Work Association: A not-for-profit organization focused on ending sweatshop problems in production facilities worldwide. Works to develop Code of Work Methods, particularly crucial in the apparel company where operating conditions have historically been so bad.
Fair Put on Base: An international team focused on improving garment workers’ lives worldwide. Works jointly with businesses that produce clothes along with other stitched products which take responsibility for his or her supply sequence.
Fine Natural cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly elastic material with a sleek flat face along with a much more textured but uniform back. Fine cotton jersey is generally easier and it has a lighter weight for each yard than regular natural cotton jersey. T-shirts created using fine natural cotton jersey use a better drape and feel than regular t-shirts. Usually made with 30s and higher natural cotton thread, and weighs 4.3 ounces per square yard.
Fitted Reduce: Meanings differ, but typically a installed cut refers to a reduce that flatters the body. Utilized often in women’s t-shirts, the center section of the t-shirt will be firmer compared to top or bottom. General, the shirts run narrower than a fundamental full cut.
Full Reduce: A generous, roomy cut. In t-shirts, tubular styles are generally considered full-reduce, but you can find exclusions. Complete Cut is different from the slimmer Western Cuts, Thin Cuts, and Installed Slashes.
Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed once it has been reduce and sewn into a completed post of clothes.
Outfit Cleaned: An activity in which completed articles of clothes are cleaned, generally with additional softeners to enhance the really feel and appear in the fabric.
GMO Totally free: GMO means Genetically Modified Microorganisms. Initially used in the 1990s when consumers grew to become worried about genetically modified meals. A lot of companies now use the GMO free tag on everything from meals to all-natural fabrics, like natural cotton.
GOTS: Stands for Worldwide Natural Textile Standard. A project from the International Operating Group. They have developed standards to make sure natural standing of textiles, through the harvesting, manufacturing, and marking, in order to provide a reliable assurance towards the end consumer. An organic t-t-shirt that meets the specifications can be GOTS licensed.
Eco-friendly: Generic expression used by marketing gurus to advertise items. An additional preferred term of “green-washers,” who definitely are jumping on the ecological bandwagon without any real dedication.
Eco-friendly-Washing: Remove in the phrase “white-washing,” but in an ecological context. Firms that eco-friendly-wash are paying lip-service to environmental concerns to bring in much more business, but haven’t taken any real steps to become ecologically accountable.
Hand: Just how a fabric seems to the touch. A fabric that feels smooth and sleek is considered to get a great hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Marijuana sativa, has been utilized for fabric for centuries, mostly being an commercial fabric. More recent processing methods make it suitable for better clothing, now it is actually found in many clothes articles, including t-shirts. Hemp is valued because of its strength and durability.
Henley T-T-shirt: Similar to a collarless polo t-shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-t-shirt featuring 2 or 3 control keys (sometimes approximately 5 buttons are employed, but that’s uncommon). A Henley can be either short or long sleeved.
Ice cubes Wash: A method of rock cleaning where stones are first drenched within a solution of potassium permanganate. This method generates a frosted appearance to material.
Interlock Knit: A type of knit that is very soft and contains a good drape. Interlock knit stitches are firmer, more elastic than Jersey knit, but much less stretchy than rib knit. Found in really fine garments.
Jersey Knit: Generally found in t-shirts and is easily the most long lasting of knits. It is light weight, and contains fine vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was known as right after the British Tropical island within the The english language Channel. Fine natural cotton Jersey describes Jersey Knit made with fine natural cotton threads like 30s and 40s.
Knit: Describes how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric had been created. There are numerous kinds of knits. Jersey Knit is normally found in t-shirts and is easily the most long lasting of knits. It is light weight, and it has fine straight ribs. Around the other hand, rib knits have weighty ribs running down the material, while interlock knits are used in really fine fabrics. T-t-shirt collars are often rib knit.
Muscle mass Shirt: Sleeveless design t-t-shirt, although not exactly a tank top. Fundamental t-t-shirt, just with no sleeves. The shoulder joint band portion is a lot broader than a regular tank top.
Neck Adhesive tape: A slim strip of fabric sewn on the seam operating across the shoulder area and throat area. It covers the seam and appears much better than an uncovered stitch. Often referred to as “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek 100: Accreditation from the International Oeko-Tex® Association, which guarantees customers that this clothing they buy is free of chemicals and presents no risk with their health. Under the Oeko-Tex regular, clothing has to be free of formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and other harmful chemicals.
Natural Apparel: A term very freely applied in the garment industry. It can mean anything from completely organic to less than 6% organic. Often along with terms like Eco-Pleasant, Green, etc. Consumers should check the tags and verify the materials used to see if something is really natural or otherwise.
Organic Cotton: Natural cotton grown without having to use pesticide sprays. Certified organic cotton continues to be examined to guarantee it is actually organic.
Organic Soil Association: Established in 1946 by a group of farm owners, researchers and nutrition experts concerned with the relationship between farming practices and herb, animal, human, and ecological health. The Organic Garden soil Association pioneered the very first natural standards in 1967, and certifies farms and firms that meet those standards.
Overdyed: An activity where previously dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with an additional color to make a unique look.
Overall performance T: Name for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outside fanatics. Performance Ts are seen as a their breathability, moisture wicking, fast drying, and odor control abilities. Many overall performance Ts are polyester/cotton mixes, or can even be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, due to their absorbency and wicking qualities, have become known as performance t-shirts, even though they usually do not dry as fast as performance t-shirts manufactured from 100% polyester.
PFD: Means Prepared For Dyeing. Sold in this way to t-shirt customizers who wish to create their own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A type of coloring that produces a cleaned out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed in the U.S. in early 1900s to contend with Egyptian cotton. It functions for a longer time fibers and it is used often in fine men’s and women’s shirts. The name Pima originates from the Pima Indians, who helped using the first crops in the new natural cotton as it was initially grown in the U.S.
Raise: A technique of knitting that creates a waffle-kind, fine textured surface. Utilized often in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-created fiber manufactured from synthetic polymers. Utilized broadly in clothing, particularly coupled with natural cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Means the procedure for pre-shrinking material before it is cut and sewn. Occasionally it describes an actual completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes which has been preshrunk shrinks less when the buyer washes it. Preshrunk natural cotton t-shirts will nevertheless shrink a bit, however, especially if dried employing a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Type of t-shirt offering sleeves that run right to the collar. Usually sleeves are a contrasting color from the body. Raglan sleeves are broader underneath the arms, and are desirable to wearers who would like optimum freedom of movement. Baseball t-shirts usually feature a raglan sleeve design.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that uses plant cellulose as the main ingredient. Rayon is extremely smooth, has outstanding drape, and it is really absorbing. Initially developed as being a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Seen as a heavy vertical ribs running down the fabric. Rib knits are usually considered 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This allows you to know the size in the rib when compared to space among. For example, a 1×1 rib knit or even a 2×2 rib knit indicates the space in between each rib is identical size as the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are doubly broad since the spaces between. Rib knit is extremely stretchy and is also frequently used for t-t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank shirts.
Ring Spun: Describes yarn created by twisting and thinning a rope of natural cotton materials. The constant rotating generates a much softer really feel and more powerful yarn. Diamond ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the touch.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and matching crew throat. Most ringers are white, using the armband sleeves and crew necks in different colours.
Fine sand Clean: Describes using sand whilst cleaning a garment or fabric to soften and stress it.
Satin Washed: Another phrase for silicon cleaned, which produces a very smooth and soft finish to material, as well as affords the material good draping properties.
Scoop Throat: Wide, carefully curved neckline that varies comprehensive. Preferred in women’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very light bodyweight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 ounces per yard. Just a little stretchier than fine jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A slim strip of fabric stitched over the seam running across the shoulders and throat region. It addresses the seam and appearance much better than an exposed stitch.
Shrinkage: Generally refers to natural cotton clothing and also the quantity it can be needed to reduce. Most natural cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but 4-5% shrinkage can certainly be expected.
Part Seamed: Describes shirts using a seam running down at each part under the arm sleeves towards the base hem. Side seamed t-shirts cost more to manufacture.
Silicon Cleaned: Identifies using inert silicon in a washing process. Creates a very smooth and soft complete to fabric, and also affords the material great draping qualities.
Singlet: an additional term for any men’s tank top.
Thin Cut: A style of t-t-shirt that is certainly narrower than what one usually discovers. For example, a complete reduce men’s t-shirt, dimension large, usually runs 22 in . over the chest (calculated one inch below the sleeve). A slim cut will operate about half an inch to 1 ” narrower, occasionally more.
Stonewashed: A washing method that utilizes lava stones or sometimes silicon and rubberized balls. This process makes material much softer and offers it an aged or distressed appear. Sometimes chlorine bleach is utilized in this particular procedure.
Tank Top: T-Shirt characterized by thin shoulder joint straps without any sleeves. The name came from the early term for pools: going swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not real “adhesive tape,” but a slim strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating across the shoulders and throat part of t-shirts. It covers the seam and appearance a lot better than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Design:A style which has no side seams; your body from the t-t-shirt is round and directly. Tubular t-shirts are less expensive to manufacture, and constitute the bulk of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No standard description exists for a unisex t-t-shirt, but generally speaking a unisex t-t-shirt is made of lighter weight, fine natural cotton jersey, side seamed, and never cut as complete as being a regular men’s t-shirt. The sleeves usually are not extra brief, like cap sleeves, but are not full elbow lengths either. The body duration is generally method/long. However, you can find broad variants in unisex t-shirts, depending on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former You.S.S.R. satellite that became independent in 1991 and is also notorious because of its cotton creation methods, that include forced kid work and environmentally destructive practices. Moral clothing companies boycott Uzbekistan natural cotton; nevertheless, a lot of companies don’t treatment and have refused to sign up with inside the boycott because Uzbekistan natural cotton is cheap.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle style of neckline. Can be strong or shallow, dependant upon the design. Generally popular with women, but a superficial design v-neck is popular among men.
Viscose: Typically another good name for rayon, like viscose rayon.
Weight: Generally expressed oz for each square yard. A 5.5 ounce weight natural cotton fabric means that one square yard will consider 5.5 ounces. Fine jersey cotton materials normally have lighter weights, while coarser cotton xeprdh have weightier weights.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory phrase for a men’s tank top t-t-shirt. Usually refers to a basic white tank top.
Yarn Dyed: Yarn that is dyed before it is actually woven in to a fabric.